Civil-Military Co-Operation and Co-Ordination in the EU and in Selected Member States

TitelCivil-Military Co-Operation and Co-Ordination in the EU and in Selected Member States
Typ der PublikationBook
Untertitel / SerientitelStudy for the European Parliament
AutorInnenEhrhart, H-G
Anzahl Seiten47 pp.
VerlagEuropean Parliament

Civil-Military Co-Operation and Co-Ordination in the EU and in Selected Member States
Executive Summary:
The agenda for Crisis Management Operations (CMOs) has widened still further and with it the related need to engage with civilian actors has become even more important due to the 'security development nexus'. In essence, there is no security without development and vice versa. From this follows that civil-military co-operation (CIMIC) and civil-military co-ordination (CMCO) is not confined to the immediate conflict and post-conflict situation. Especially in post-conflict settings there can also be a mid- and long-term need to combine military and civilian skills, instruments and concepts, especially in the realm of security sector reform (SSR). Thus, the requirements for CIMIC and CMCO are on the rise and pose a tremendous challenge for international institutions, including the EU.
Civil-military co-ordination of the various EU instruments and capabilities is crucial for efficiently planning and implementing CMO, while CIMIC is important for creating a secure environment. This study gives an overview and assessment of CMCO and CIMIC in the EU and in selected EU member states. First, it examines the institutional reforms at the Brussels level. Then it gives a conceptual overview of CMCO and CIMIC. The third chapter considers selected national and international approaches and their implementation in the field, followed by an assessment of CMCO and CIMIC in DR Congo. Finally, the study provides some conclusions and recommendations.
The study finds that the EU and its member states have already made some progress in adapting their structures and procedures for civil-military co-ordination and co-operation. However, they are still in the middle of a process that risks stalling at a time when bold steps are required because civil-military engagements have become the norm for EU crisis management.
The study supports the ongoing reform of the Council Secretariat in the context of the Hampton Court Process as a first step in the right direction. At the same time the process must become much more ambitious in order to finally overcome the stove pipe system of decision making and the related institutional set-up. The study recommends that comprehensive civil-military planning has to be bolstered. It is the decisive step in dealing with conflicts and a prerequisite for success and effectiveness of CMOs. This planning should be based on clear priorities, reflect the strategic vision on what the mission is supposed to achieve and be as inclusive as possible.
Given the comprehensive security approach of the EU and its rising engagement in civil-military CMOs it is time to strengthen the European Parliament's right to oversee external security. The prevailing myth that external security is a reserve of the Council should be quashed. As the European Parliament approves relevant budget lines, builds bridges to the European public, enables stronger scrutiny, and provides greater legitimacy for ESDP missions, it should have a stronger say in related decisions.
The European Parliament should bring to bear its political weight to further the implementation of a comprehensive security approach through increased civil-military co-ordination and co-operation. The more the civilian aspects of CMOs are emphasized the more urgent will be the need for stronger parliamentary involvement in security matters.

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