Evaluation of UNDP Assistance to Conflict-Affected Countries
|Title||Evaluation of UNDP Assistance to Conflict-Affected Countries|
|Subtitle / Series Title||Analysis for the United Nations Development Programme by Mary Kaldor et alii|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Publisher||Evaluation Office, United Nations Development Programme|
Nearly 33 million people around the world were rendered homeless last year due to violent conflicts. Crisis prevention and recovery is a core practice area for UNDP, with activities in conflict-affected countries constituting nearly 40 percent of its global expenditure in 2005. Given this significance, this evaluation assesses the performance of UNDP assistance to conflict-affected countries since 2000. The analysis of UNDP assistance to conflictaffected countries since 2000 is based on detailed case studies of six Security Councilmandated countries (Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Haiti, Sierra Leone and Tajikistan). This was supplemented by a survey of 24 countries receiving support from the UNDP Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery.In the six case-study countries, overt conflict continues only in Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, in all cases, there are low levels of human security, measured in terms of population displacement, human rights violations, high crime rates, violence and discrimination against women, economic insecurity (especially joblessness), and vulnerability to natural and man-made disasters. In all six case studies, it is possible to identify common structural conditions that make conflict more likely to be violent. These include weak state institutions, low participation in decision-making, weak civil society institutions, inadequate institutions to ensure the rule of law, erosion of the monopoly of legitimate violence (that is, the emergence of private armed groups), an undiversified economy dependent on primary products and external markets, the availability of small arms, large numbers of unemployed young men, unequal gender relations, a decline in human development, and the spread of an illegal/illegitimate economy. These conditions are aggravated by the experience of conflict or by conflict in neighbouring states.The evaluation recommends that UNDP take a bolder position in impressing upon the Security Council and the international community the paramount importance of integrating development concerns within UN strategies for security. Recognizing that UNDP is best placed to address the structural conditions conducive to conflict, the report urges the organization to strengthen its analytical and programmatic capacity in core development areas rather than in carrying out adhoc gap-filling exercises. And UNDP is encouraged to finance these activities through increased core funding.The country case studies (Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Haiti, Sierra Leone and Tajikistan) can be downloaded each via http://www.undp.org/eo/.