Today’s peace processes are highly complex, as currently seen in Syria, Yemen and South Sudan. Peace mediation and national dialogue are widely recognized as two relevant avenues for the peaceful settlement of conflicts. Peace mediation processes are assisted negotiation processes, often with limited participation and a focus on questions of power-sharing. National dialogues, in contrast, aim to provide a space to discuss a broader range of issues relevant to the wider society, expand participation beyond political and military elites and rebuild relations among different actors.
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Mediators bring conflict parties to the negotiating table and support them in finding agreements. In the last decade the range of actors in mediation has broadened beyond diplomats and UN experts and frequently professional mediators are brought in. Participants gain insights into the challenges that mediators face when facilitating dialogue and searching for peace agreements.
The ENTRi certified CORE COURSE comprises theoretical inputs and practical exercises tailored to the realities in the field. All modules enhance interpersonal skills, highlight the importance of active involvement in the host society, and promote a reflective and critical approach. Junior professionals benefit particularly as they get the opportunity to reflect on their own mission readiness and motivation.
How do gender roles change during phases of violent conflict and war? And how does this affect peacebuilding processes? Conflict has a profound impact on gender relations and contests accepted gender roles, providing space for transformative action for gender equality in post-conflict reconstruction. Peacebuilding does not always foster gender equality when advocated through normative frameworks, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women or the UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security.
Despite increased international pressure and action to prevent violent conflicts and mass atrocities after the shocks of Rwanda and Srebrenica in the 1990s, the number of armed conflicts has increased in recent years. Whilst the wars in Syria, South Sudan or Ukraine differ with respect to the actors, driving factors and dynamics, they all raise the question of how violence and its escalation could have been prevented.