Masculinities, Marginalization, Militarism (virtual course, 6 half-days)
From academia to practical programming, gender has often been equated with “biological sex” and been used as a synonym for women. This undermines the real analytical and emancipatory potential of gender analysis. This course provides counterweight to this tendency, highlighting the role of masculinities in conflict and peacebuilding.
To counter common misconceptions about gender, the course will start with an introduction to its theoretical aspects, in particular the idea of multiple masculinities. It will then focus on three practical areas where the connections between masculinities, marginalization and militarism can be observed, including concrete approaches aimed at transforming harmful masculinities and their impact. First, it will discuss the targeted repression of women activists both in peace and conflict times as an expression of militarized masculinity, and explore how their leadership and protection can nevertheless be supported. In a second step, it will critically examine the connection between masculinities and violence in fragile settings, with a particular focus on how to diagnose vulnerabilities and strengthen resistance to engaging in violence. Finally, it will give space to understanding how sexual violence is used against men in conflict, and look into countering measures spanning from identifying and interviewing victims to compensation mechanisms. Throughout the course, participants will reflect on how these concepts and mechanisms relate to their own contexts, and discuss potential approaches to transform them.